Prepare Subject

Indian Polity

Detailed Syllabus of Polity For UPSC Civil Service Prelims and Mains Exam

Syllabus of Polity For Preliminary UPSC Civil Services Examination 

Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc. 

Syllabus of Polity For Mains UPSC Civil Services Examination 

  • Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
  • Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  •  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  •  Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
Important Books To Cover to Prepare Polity For UPSC Civil Services Exam

List of Books To Cover For Polity UPSC Civil Services Exam

Basic Books

Book Code

Indian constitution at work*

Text book (Political science) NCERT +1


Politics in India since independence*

Text book (Political science) NCERT +2


Contemporary World Politics

Text book (Political science) NCERT +2



Please Note: 

  • NCERT Books are necessary but not sufficient. Don't misunderstand the role of NCERTs in your preparation. These are good for developing a base for reading advanced books. (beware of false information spread by institutes just to sell their courses)
  • We do not recommend reading all 6th to 12th NCERT books but select NCERTs as per the list provided to avoid repetition and unnecessary details that will clog your mind.
  • We emphasize reading NCERT multiple times rather than only once.

Advanced Books To Cover To Prepare Polity For UPSC Civil Services Exam

Advanced Books


Introduction to the Constitution of India

D.D. Basu


Indian Polity

M Laxmikanth

The Constitution of India

Granville Austin

Our Constitution

Subhash C. Kashyap

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