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UPSC Optional Subjects: Maithili Language

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UPSC Optional Subjects Syllabus- Maithili Language

 

Paper-I

History of Maithili Language and its Literature

(Answer to be written in Maithili)

Part A

History of Maithili Language

  • Place of Maithili in Indo-European language family.
  • Origin and development of Maithili language. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili)
  • Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era)
  • Maithili and its different dialects.
  • Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Asamese, Oriya )
  • Origin and development of Tirhuta Script.
  • Pronouns and Verbs in Maithili Language.

 

Part B

History of Maithili Literature

  • Background of Maithili Literature (Religious, economic, social, cultural).
  • Periodic division of Maithili literature.
  • Pre-Vidyapati Literature.
  • Vidyapati and his tradition.
  • Medieval Maithili Drama (Kirtaniya Natak, Ankia Nat, Maithili dramas written in Nepal .
  • Maithili Folk Literature (Folk Tales, Folk Drama, Folk Stories, Folk Songs).
  • Development of different literary forms in modern era
    • Prabandh-kavya
    • Muktak-kavya
    • Novel
    • Short Story
    • Drama
    • Essay
    • Criticism
    • Memoirs
    • Translation
  • Development of Maithili Magazines and Journals

 

 

Paper - II

(Answers must be written in Maithili.)

The paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.
 

Part-A

  • Vidyapati Geet-Shati - Publisher : Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (Lyrics – 1 to 50)
  • Govind Das Bhajanavali – Publisher : Maithili Acadamy, Patna (Lyrics – 1 to 25)
  • Krishnajanm – Manbodh
  • Mithilabhasha Ramayana – Chanda Jha (only Sunder-Kand)
  • Rameshwar Charit Mithila Ramayan – Lal Das (only Bal-kand)
  • Keechak-Vadh - Tantra Nath Jha.
  • Datta-Vati – Surendra Jha 'Suman' {only 1st and 2nd Cantos}.
  • Chitra-Yatri
  • Samakaleen Maithili Kavita – Publisher : Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi .

Part-B

  • Varna Ratnakar - Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)
  • Khattar Kakak Tarang - Hari Mohan Jha
  • Lorik–Vijaya-Manipadma
  • Prithvi Putra – Lalit
  • Bhaphait Chahak Jinagi – Sudhanshu 'Shekhar' Choudhary
  • Kriti Rajkamlak – Publisher : Maithili Acadamy, Patna (First Ten Stories only)
  • Katha–Sangrah – Publisher : Maithili Acadamy, Patna

 

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