Syllabus of HCS exam | HCS Latest Syllabus 2023

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HCS : Syllabus

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  • General Science
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography.
  • Indian Culture,
  • Indian Polity and Indian Economy.
  • General Mental Ability.
  • Haryana–Economy, and people.
  • Social, economic, and cultural institutions and language of Haryana.

Questions on General Science will cover General appreciation and understanding of science including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline. In current events, knowledge of significant national and international events will be tested.

In History of India, emphasis will be on a broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, and political aspects.

Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth-century resurgence, growth of nationalism, and attainment of Independence.

In Geography, emphasis will be on the Geography of India.

Questions on the Geography of India will relate to the physical, social, and economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources.

Questions on Indian Polity and Economy will test knowledge on the country‘s political system and Constitution of India, Panchayati Raj, social systems, and economic developments in India.

On general mental ability, the candidates will be tested on reasoning and analytical abilities.



  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, order of magnitude, etc. – Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)





The paper aims to test the candidate‘s ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas: clearly and correctly in English.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows: English

  • Precis Writing

  • Comprehension of given passages

  • Essay

  • Usage and Vocabulary

  • General Grammar/Composition Essay

  • Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic.

The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective, and exact expression.



(in Devnagri script)

  • Translation of an English passage into Hindi.
  • Letter/Precis writing.
  • Explanation of Hindi passage (prose and poetry) in the same language.
  • Composition (idioms, correction, etc.).
  • Essay on a specific topic: The choice of subjects will be given



The nature and standard of questions in these papers will be such that a well-educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions will be such as to test a candidate‘s general awareness of a variety of subject which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services.


(a) History of Modern India and Indian Culture The History of Modern India‘ will cover the history of the country from about the middle of the nineteenth century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the freedom movement and social reforms. The part relating to Indian Culture‘will cover all aspects of Indian culture from ancient to modern times.

(b) Geography of India In this part, questions will be on the physical, economic and social geography of India.

(c) Indian Polity This part will include questions on the Constitution of India, the Political system, and related matters.

(d) Current National issues and topics of social relevance

This part is intended to test the Candidate‘s awareness of current national issues and topics of social relevance in present-day India, such as the following: Demography and Human Resources & related issues. Behavioral and social issues and social welfare problems, such as child labor, gender equality, adult literacy, rehabilitation of the handicapped and other deprived segments of the society, drug abuse, public health, etc. Law enforcement issues, human rights, corruption in public life, communal harmony, etc. Internal Security and related issues. Environmental issues, ecological preservation, conservation of natural resources, and national heritage. The role of national institutions, their relevance, and need for change.


(a) India and the World This part is intended to test the candidate‘s awareness of India‘s relationship with the world in various spheres, such as the following:- Foreign Affairs. External Security and related matters. Nuclear Policy. Indian abroad

(b) Indian Economy In this part, questions will be on the planning and economic development in India, economic and trade issues, foreign trade, the role and functions of I.M.F., World Bank, W.T.O., etc.

(c) International Affairs & Institutions. This part will include questions on important events in world affairs and on international institutions.

(d) Developments in the field of science and technology, communications, and space. In this part, questions will test the candidate‘s awareness of the developments in the field of science and technology, communications and space, and also basic ideas of computers.

(e) Statistical analysis, graphs, and diagrams. This part will include exercises to test the candidate‘s ability to draw common-sense conclusions from information presented in the statistical, graphical, or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies, limitations, or inconsistencies therein.

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HPSC or Haryana  (PSC) or HCS  is conducted to recruit eligible candidates for various administrative service posts in Haryana. It is a combined competitive exam conducted by the Government of Haryana for recruitment to the post of Deputy Collector, Deputy Minority Welfare Officer, DSP & Jail Superintendent. The fresh recruitment process of HPSC 2021  is expected soon.

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