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Recently Cyclone Tauktae and Cyclone Yaas wreaked havoc in several states of India with the credit for the cyclogenesis can be given to exceptionally warmer Indian seas this year, making atmospheric and ocean conditions favourable for frequent formation of cyclones and their rapid intensification.
What are tropical Cyclones?
Requirements for a Cyclone to form
There are six main requirements for tropical cyclogenesis:
Destruction Caused by Cyclones
Cyclones are disastrous in many ways. They do more harm than any good to the coastal areas.
1) Strong Winds
2) Torrential rains and inland flooding
3) Storm Surge
Management of Cyclones in India
In 2005, the country introduced new laws to set up what’s called the National Disaster Management Authority, a central agency charged with one thing: responding to and minimizing the impact of disasters.
A year later, in 2006, India established a National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), a specialized corps of highly trained men and women focused on disasters such as cyclones and earthquakes. It’s now comprised of almost 25,000 personnel.
Apart from institutional measures, there are many structural and non-structural measures that have been taken for effective disaster management of cyclones:
The structural measures include construction of cyclone shelters, construction of cyclone-resistant buildings, road links, culverts, bridges, canals, drains, saline embankments, surface water tanks, communication and power transmission networks etc.
Non-structural measures like early warning dissemination systems, management of coastal zones, awareness generation and disaster risk management and capacity building of all the stakeholders involved.
These measures are being adopted and tackled on State to State basis under National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP) being implemented through World Bank Assistance.
Issues in Cyclone Mitigation
Measures need to be taken for effective mitigation
By: VISHAL GOYAL ProfileResourcesReport error
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