Examination Scheme - 2024

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Examination Scheme - 2024

About NDA Exam - 2024

NDA Exam Pattern 2024: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) prescribes NDA exam pattern along with the notification. NDA exam is conducted in pen and paper-based mode. All the questions asked in the exam are objective-type. NDA written exam comprises two papers-Maths and General Ability Test (GAT). NDA question paper carries a total of 270 questions. The written exam comprises 900 marks. Candidates need to secure 25 per cent in each paper of NDA exam. There are negative marking for wrong answers in the exam.

Candidates qualifying the written exam are called for SSB interview, conducted in two stages. The first stage comprises OIR and PP & DT tests and the second stage comprises psychology tests and the conference. The total marks allotted to SSB interview are 900. Candidates need to secure NDA cut off marks prescribed by UPSC for the written exam and SSB interview. We have provided the latest NDA exam pattern where candidates can get several important things about the NDA 2024, like the mode of exam, total marks allotted, the duration of the exam, types of questions asked, etc.

NDA Exam Important Dates - 2024



Important Dates for NDA 2024



Dates 2024 (Tentative)



Release of Notification

20 Dec. 2023 

15 may 2024 

Availability of Application Form

20-Dec.-09 jan - 2023 

15 may - 04 june 2024

Last date to apply

09 jan - 2023 

04 june -2024

Availability of Admit card

12 - Apr -  2023 

August - 2024 

NDA 2024 Exam


01 Sep. 2024

Declaration of Result

09 may 2023 

expected september 2024 

NDA Selction Process - 2024

NDA 2024 : Selection Process

NDA SSB Interview

The selection process in the National Defense Academy is a two-stage process. Stage-1 is the written examination i.e. NDA 2024 test and the stage-2 is the SSB interview stage

  • The complete recruitment process in the NDAs judged on the basis of marks scored out of 900 collectively in both the stages of recruitment.
  • After the declaration of NDA 2024 Results, qualified candidates will have to register themselves at joinindianarmy.nic.in within two weeks.
  • Allotment of selection centres and dates will then be notified on the registered email ID.
  • SSB Interview comprises two stages- Stage 1 (OIR and PPDT) and Stage 2- (Interview, Group Tasks, Psychology Test, and Conference).
  • After stage-2 is completed, a final merit list is generated by the UPSC which gives the final recruited candidates. 

NDA 2024 Document Verification

After a personal interview round the eligible candidates will have to appear for the verification round. The qualified candidates must bring the required original documents along with 1 set of Photostat of the required documents at Services Selection Centre (SSC).

Below is the set of required original documents to be carried for the NDA 2021 Document Verification:

  • Qualification Certificate
  • Proof of Identity (Pan card, Voter ID, Aadhar Card, etc.)
  • Birth Certificate
  • Passport Size Photographs
  • Category certificate for the Reserved category candidates
  • Proof of Residence

Medical examination

A medical examination is a final round in the Selection process. The candidates will be referred to the Board of Service Medical officers by the SSB for medical examination. Candidates shall be deemed eligible for recruitment if and only if they are found to be medically fit by the medical officers.

NDA Exam Centres - 2024

NDA Exam Centres 2024
Candidates can check below the list of test cities where NDA will be conducted.

  • Agartala

  • Ghaziabad

  • Panaji (Goa)

  • Agra

  • Gorakhpur

  • Patna

  • Ajmer

  • Gurgaon

  • Port Blair

  • Ahmedabad

  • Gwalior

  • Prayagraj (Allahabad)

  • Aizawl

  • Hyderabad

  • Puducherry

  • Aligarh

  • Imphal

  • Pune

  • Almora (Uttarakhand)

  • Indore

  • Raipur

  • Anantpur (Andhra Pradesh)

  • Itanagar

  • Rajkot

  • Aurangabad

  • Jabalpur

  • Ranchi

  • Bengaluru

  • Jaipur

  • Sambalpur

  • Bareilly

  • Jammu

  • Shillong

  • Bhopal

  • Jodhpur

  • Shimla

  • Bilaspur

  • Jorhat

  • Siligudi

  • Chandigarh

  • Kochi

  • Srinagar

  • Chennai

  • Kohima

  • Srinagar (Uttarakhand)

  • Coimbatore

  • Kolkata

  • Thane

  • Cuttack

  • Kozhikode (Calicut)

  • Thiruvananthapuram

  • Dehradun

  • Leh

  • Tiruchirapalli

  • Delhi

  • Lucknow

  • Tirupati

  • Dharwad

  • Ludhiana

  • Udaipur

  • Dispur

  • Madurai

  • Varanasi

  • Faridabad

  • Mumbai

  • Vellore

  • Gangtok

  • Mysore

  • Vijayawada

  • Gaya

  • Nagpur

  • Vishakhapatnam

  • Gautam Buddh Nagar

  • Navi Mumbai

  • Warangal

NDA Exam Important Guidelines - 2024

NDA 2024 Exam day : Important Guidelines to remember

The following are important guidelines and factors you should remember before the exam to avoid disqualification or being denied entrance in your examination centre:

  • Carry the NDA Admit Card positively along with a valid ID-proof, without which you are liable to be denied admission at the exam centre.
  • The clipboard is allowed and you will also need to carry black ballpoint pens for marking the answer.
  • Sheets for doing any rough work is provided at the exam hall and need not be carried.
  • Any kind of books, notes, gadgets like calculators, mobile, geometrical drawing instruments, stencils, test booklet is not allowed.
  • The vigilance is very strict and if caught for resorting to any unfair means, strict actions are taken which can even include a ban from appearing in the exam in the future.
NDA Exam Pattern - 2024

UPSC NDA Exam Pattern


The NDA exam is conducted in the conventional pen and paper form and has multiple-choice questions. Especially in the GAT section, one has to be careful as there is a higher negative marking. The following table precisely gives all the necessary information on the exam pattern. When you have a thorough understanding of the pattern, preparing for it at the last moment becomes easier.

Exam Pattern Highlights

NDA I 2021


General ability test

Exam Duration

2 hours and 30 minutes

2 hours and 30 minutes

No. of sections


2 (English and General Knowledge)

Total no. of questions



Total marks


600 (English (200) + GK (400))

Marking scheme

2.5 for correct and -0.83 for incorrect

4 for correct and -1.33 for incorrect


English and Hindi

English for the English section. English and Hindi for GK section

Type of questions

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

The mathematics section is highly scoring if you are adept at solving the problems with accuracy in minimum time. Though you are given ample time to solve the entire paper, unless you have a clear conception of math and science, each problem can be time-consuming.

The general knowledge section of the NDA 2024 consists of the following topics:

  • Physics (100 marks)
  • Chemistry (60 marks)
  • General Science (40 marks)
  • History and Freedom Movement (80 marks)
  • Geography (80 marks)
  • Current Events (40 marks)

Do note: The exam is majorly based on CBSE 10+2 syllabus and irrespective of the books you refer, NCERT books for every subject is the best guide. 

NDA Cut off Trends- 2024

NDA Exam - Cut-off Trend

UPSC NDA is a two-tier exam and 900 marks are allotted to each tier. The cadets are selected based on their aggregate cut-off in both tiers. However, to qualify for the second tier, which is the SSB interview, you have to score a minimum of 25% out of 900 in the First Tier. At the same time, you must have a minimum of 25% in each section of the papers. The average cut-off has varied over the years and if you note the trend since 2010, it has increased with time.

Whether the NDA cut-off will be lower than usual this year, depends on many factors like the difficulty level of the paper, number of candidates who appeared, etc. 

When you are preparing for the upcoming test, keeping the cut-off trend in mind helps you to make a study plan.


NDA(I) (Max Marks:900)

NDA(II) (Max Marks:900)

















306 (With at least 30% marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (out of 1800 marks) 674

269 (With at least 25% marks in each subject) Marks secured by the last recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 637


288 (With at least 25 % marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 656



342(With at least 25 % marks in each Subject) Marks secured by the last finally recommended candidate (Out of 1800 marks) 708

258 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)


338 (with at least 25% in each subject)

325 (with at least 25% in each subject)


342 (with at least 25% marks in each subject)

346 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)

2020 (expected)

338-342- For Tier-1 700-720- Overall expected cut-off out of 1800

355 (With at least 25% marks in each subject) 

2021 343 (With at least 25% marks in each subject 355 (With at least 25% marks in each subject)
2022 360 (With at least 25% marks in each subject) 316 (With at least 20% marks in each subject) 
2023 301 marks with at least 25% marks in each subject 292 out of 900 (With at least 20% marks in each subject)
NDA Exam Eligibility criteria-2024

NDA 2024 : Eligibility Criteria

  • Only Indian nationals both female and male candidates can apply for NDA 1 2024. Candidates must have born not earlier than July 2, 2005 and not later than July 1, 2008 are eligible for the exam. The date of birth is accepted by the commission as entered in the matriculation or secondary school leaving certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to matriculation. Candidates who have passed Class 12 can apply for the Army wing of NDA. Those who have passed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics can apply for Air Force and Naval wings of NDA.



What is NDA Exam Eligibility 2024 ?

  • National Defence Academy eligibility is specified by UPSC in the official notification. The male and female eligibility criteria include factors such as nationality, NDA age limit, NDA qualification, NDA physical test and medical standards. The age criteria for NDA exam is between 16.5 and 19.5 years. Candidates who have passed and are appearing in Class 12 can apply for the NDA exam. NDA requirements for eligibility are certain factors that candidates need to fulfill inorder to be eligible for the exam. To ensure final selection to the NDA, candidates need to meet the following NDA eligibility:
  • NDA Age Limit, Maritial Status & Gender
  • Citizenship/Nationality
  • NDA Qualification
  • NDA Physical Test/ Medical Qualification
NDA Exam Admit Card - 2024

NDA 2024 Admit Card

The application process for NDA I and NDA II will be started online by the second week of January 2021 and by the second week of June 2021 respectively. The aspirants will need to pay Rs. 100 as application fee. On the other hand, the applicants of SC/ST/ORS/NCOs/Sons of JCOs will not need to pay any application fee. To pay the application fee, the candidates should pay it through credit card/debit card/net banking or through SBI bank Challan process.. 

The conducting body will release the NDA 2024 Admit Card on the official UPSC website.

  • Visit upsc.gov.in to download NDA Hall Ticket 2024.
  • Admit card bear the exam related details like student’s name, roll number, exam centre, exam date & timing, etc.
  • Without admit cards, candidates will not be permitted to appear in the examination.


How to Download NDA I 2021 Admit Card

To download follow the steps given below:

  • Go to the official website of UPSC.
  • A link for NDA I 2024 Admit Card Download will be provided, click on it.
  • You must enter the registration number/ roll number along with the password and captcha code.
  • Click on submit, the admit card will appear on the screen.
  • Check all the details carefully and download multiple copies of it.
NDA Exam Vacancies-2024

NDA-2 2024 Vacancy 

There are a total of 400 vacancies for NDA 2 2024 qualifiers in different departments and branches of the Indian Army.


Number of Vacancies

 (Indian Army)

208 (including 10 for female candidates)

 (Indian Navy)

42 (including 6 for female candidates)

(Indian Air Force)

Flying- 92 (including 02 for female candidates)

Ground Duties (Tech)-18 (including 02 for female candidates)

Ground Duties (Non Tech)-10 (including 02 for female candidates)

107th Indian Naval Academy Course 

34 (including 05 for female candidate)



Vacancies are provisional and may be changed depending on the availability of training capacity of National Defence Academy and Indian Naval Academy.


NDA Exam Syllabus

NDA Exam Syllabus -2024

The syllabus for NDA 2024 written test will comprise two sections- Mathematical Ability and General Ability. The questions in NDA 2024 will be asked from topics and concepts of 10+2 level. The following are the topics from Mathematical Ability and General Ability sections covered as a part of the NDA 2024 Syllabus.

NDA Syllabus for Mathematical Ability

NDA Syllabus for Mathematics


Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams.  De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs. Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications. Logarithms and their applications.


Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometrical ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

NDA Syllabus for Matrices and Determinants

Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

Syllabus for Differential Calculus

Concept of a real-valued function–domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, one-to-one, onto, and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima .

NDA Syllabus for Integral Calculus and Differential Equations ntegration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.
Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. A general and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay .
NDA Syllabus for Vector Algebra Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Application work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems
NDA Syllabus for Statistics and Probability

Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon— examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. 

Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution

NDA Syllabus for General Ability Topics from the English and General Knowledge will be covered in the General Ability section of NDA 2024. General Knowledge will comprise of the following:

NDA Syllabus for General Knowledge


  • NDA Syllabus for Physics
  • Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, the Principle of Archimedes, and the Pressure Barometer. 
  • Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. 
  • Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet.
  • Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Nonconductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current,
  • Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.


  • Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water
  • Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and carbon dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon—different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency

General Science 

  • The difference between living and nonliving things. The basis of Life—cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.
  • Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its vital organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention.
  • Food is a source of Energy for man. Its constituents include a balanced Diet. The Solar System includes meteors, comets, and Eclipses. Eminent Scientists have achieved many achievements.
  • The Earth, its shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects.
  • Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones;
  • Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.
History, Freedom Movement etc.
  • A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation.
  • Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.
Current Events
  • Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years. Current important world events.
  • Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports


NDA Syllabus for English Langugage

NDA English Syllabus 2024

  • English is the Part A of Paper 2 General Ability Test (GAT) in the written exam of NDA 2024. To increase their scores in the English section, candidates should read newspapers on a daily basis. They should also highlight any difficult or new words and find their definitions to improve their vocabulary and also improve to solve the reading comprehension section questions. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the candidates’ command of the English language and their capacity for formal word usage.
  • Reading Comprehension & cohesion Questions.
  • Cloze Test Questions
  • Spotting the Error Questions.
  • Fill in the Blanks Questions.
  • Synonyms & Antonyms and Vocabulary Questions.
  • Idioms and Phrases Questions.
  • Sentence Arrangement or Para Jumbled Questions.
  • Ordering of words in a Sentence Questions.
  • Sentence Improvement or Sentence Correction Questions.
  • Grammar and their usage type Questions.


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