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Write a précis of the following passage. Give a suitable title.
Whatever may be true of other countries, in India at any rate, where more than eighty per cent of the population is agricultural, and another ten per cent industrial, it is a crime to make education merely literary and to unfit boys and girls for manual work in after life. Indeed, I hold that as the larger part of our time is devoted to labour for earning our bread, our children, must from their infancy be taught the dignity of such labour.
Our children should not be so taught as to despise labour. There is no reason, why a peasant's son after having gone to a school should become useless, as he does become as an agricultural labourer. It is a sad thing that our school boys look upon manual labour with disfavour, if not with contempt. Moreover, in India, if we expect, as we must, every boy and girl of school going age to attend public schools, we have not the means to finance education in accordance with the existing style nor are millions of parents able to pay the fees that are at present imposed.
Education, to be universal, must, therefore, be free. Even under an ideal system of Government, we shall not be able to devote two thousand million rupees, which we should require for funding education for all the children of school going age. It follows, therefore, that our children must be made to pay in labour partly or wholly for all the education they receive. Such universal education can be made possible only by (to my thinking) hand spinning and hand weaving. But, for the purposes of my proposition, it is immaterial whether we have spinning or any other form of labour so long as it can be turned to account. Only it will be found upon examination, that on practical, profitable and extensive scale, there is no occupation other than the processes connected with cloth production, which can be introduced in our schools throughout India.
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