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The Civil Disobedience Movement was one of the most significant movements launched by Mahatma Gandhi in the course of India’s freedom struggle.
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Apart from defiance of salt laws, the other forms of non-violent protests included the following:
-In a conciliatory gesture, the Viceroy Lord Irwin in July 1930 suggested a Round Table Conference and reiterated the goal of Dominion Status. This marked the beginning of the end of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
-After Gandhi-Irwin Pact ,the Congress, on its part, agreed to discontinue the Civil Disobedience Movement and also participate in the 2nd Round Table Conference to be held in London.
-At 2nd RTC,The British government refused to entertain Gandhi’s basic question of India’s freedom and the 2nd Round Table Conference ended in failure from the Congress viewpoint and Mahatma Gandhi returned to India at the end of December 1931.
-The Congress Working Committee met at Bombay on 29th December 1931, the next day of the Mahatma’s return from London, and decided to resume Civil Disobediencebut the government plan was to not allow Gandhi and the Congress to build up the momentum of the Civil Disobedience Movement so the movement was effectively crushed within a few months. The movement continued to linger in a non-effective manner till early April 1934 when Mahatma Gandhi announced his decision to withdraw the Civil Disobedience Movement.
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