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Eight years after the National Commission for Women (NCW) proposed a special law to punish honour killings incited by khap panchayats, the Supreme Court has said that adults are free to marry persons of their own choice and hurting couples, or summoning them before clan members, groups, or a khap, is “absolutely illegal”.
India registered 251 honour killings in 2015, recording a big spike in murders carried out by people professing to be acting in defence of their family’s reputation.
What is Honour Killing?
An honour killing or a shame killing is the homicide of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators’ belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonour upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or a religion, usually for reasons such as refusing to enter an arranged marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by their family, having sex outside marriage, becoming the victim of rape, dressing in ways which are deemed inappropriate.
This body reviewed constitutional, legal and other provisions as well as challenges women face. The NCW’s activism has contributed significantly towards the reduction of honour killings in rural areas of North India.
Reasons to Honour Killing
A crime in the name of ‘honour’ is one of a range of violent or abusive acts. This includes emotional, physical and sexual abuse and other coercive acts.
Khaps exercise their authority in various ways: they demand payment from couples, impose social or economic sanctions on them, order that they or their families be boycotted, divest the couple of any land or property that belongs to them, and harass, intimidate, or murder them.
Long road to legal protection
In August 2010, the legal cell of the All India Democratic Women’s Association (AIDWA), in consultation with many women’s organisations and individuals, drafted a comprehensive law entitled “The Prevention of Crimes in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill” and gave it to the government.
Law commission report on Honour Killing
Two years later, in August 2012, the Law Commission of India, to which a reference had also been made by the government, brought out its own version of the Bill in its Report no 242.
Supreme Court on Honour Killing
Holding honour killings as a slur on the nation, and terming it a barbaric, feudal practice that ought to be stamped out, the Supreme Court directed courts to view such cases as in “rarest of rare” category for awarding death penalty to the convicts.
There has to be an end to a blatant violation of the basic rights of the people sanctified by the law of the land.
Role of media in raising burning issues is very brilliant and effective too. One can easily express their views in the front of whole of society, without any fear, even there is a right of freedom to express is also given in our Constitution.
The mostly areas, as Haryana, Punjab, so on, are the place where female low in number and still practicing the female foeticide. It is very necessary to improve the sex-ratio; gender issue across Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab, it has been increasingly felt that focus on gender issues are needed there.
Education is used as arm that has a potential to curb all this social issues.
The concept of women movement and women’s rights has to reach over these regions. It is imperative for the state to focus on such programmes and projects which help in gender equity. There are the voices of the dissent in the communities where honour killing has been reported. These voices have to be get strength. The agencies like the women and child department, social welfare department and the State Women’s Commission should work on these issues proactively.
The laws should be clear as detailed in the recent report: 242 law commission of India, issues related to the validity of The Khap Panchayat should be clear to people.
Women problems can only be sort out when it will be discuss with another women. If Khap Panchayat people would like to continue to the their panchayat communities then according to the equality rights, there should be a provision of one or two women sitting in the Khap Panchayats so that equality right also follow.
By: Arpit Gupta ProfileResourcesReport error
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