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CONJUNCTION PART- 1 THEORY
A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases or clauses. For example, look at the sentences given below:
I bought some mangoes and oranges.
Give me a pen or a pencil.
He tried his best, but he didn’t succeed.
The above mentioned bold words are joining words and are called conjunctions. In the first sentence above the
conjunction ‘and’ joins two nouns (‘mangoes’ and ‘oranges’). In the second sentence the conjunction ‘or’ connects two
noun phrases (‘a pen’ and ‘a pencil’). In the third sentence, the conjunction ‘but’ joins two principal or main clauses.
(‘He tried his best’ and ‘He didn’t succeed’).
Some common conjunctions are
And as well as
Otherwise, or else so, hence
Therefore, Either … or
Consequently both … and
Neither … nor too … to
So … that as … as
So … as as … so
Whether … or But
As soon as No sooner … than
Or … scarcely … when
Not only … but also hardly … when
Whenever until/ unless …,
As …, lest … should
Such … that if
Provided as if
As though as far as
Type of Conjunction
1.Time when, before, after, while, since till, until, as soon as, as long as
1.Do not go till I finish this work.
2.I play when weather is good.
3.I felt happy as soon as he came here.
1.Bird go where they get crumbs of bread.
2.Breeze blows where trees exist.
3.Cause because, for, since, as
1.He works because he needs money.
2 He did not come as he was sick.
4.Purpose so that, that, in order that
1,They pushed him so that they could snatch his bag.
2.Work hard lest you should fail.
3.He works in order that he get money.
5.Result so … that
1.He runs fast so that nobody can catch him.
6 Condition if, unless (negative)
1.I could run fast if I had good shoes.
whether … or, in case,
1.Do not come in case it rains.
Provided, so long as e.g As long as she comes ,we will wait.
7.Concession though, although, even though
1.I shall pay you though/ although you are late.
8.Comparison (a) Manner as, as if, as though
1.Heaven does with us as we do with others.
2.He behaves as if he were the Prime Minister.
(b) degree as, than
1. Lalit is as wise as he is handsome.
2. Lalit is taller than this father was at his age.
No sooner … than
Hardly … when
Scarcely … when
Note: (1) Always use the correct pair.
E.g.:No sooner did he see m, when he ran away. (Replace ‘when’ by ‘than’)
No sooner had the thief seen the police then he ran away. (Replace ‘then’ by ‘than’)
(2) These three co-relatives are used only in past tense.
(3) If a sentence starts with ‘Hardly’, ‘Scarcely’, ‘No sooner’, ‘Not only’, ‘Neither’, etc., the sentence format
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