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‘Beside’ and ‘Besides’
‘Beside’ means ‘by the side of’ or ‘near’ or ‘next to’.
‘Besides’ means ‘In addition to’. For example,
He stood beside the RT bus.
He gave me a watch besides a pen.
He is sitting beside his wife.
The hut is beside the river.
There are nine students here, besides the teacher.
We cannot go-we have no touches. Besides it’s raining.
From one to the side.
I swam across the river.
‘With’ cannot be used with ‘come across’.
E.g. (i) I came across with him. ()
(ii) I came across him. ()
The books is on the table. (placed in contact)
E.g. The cat jumped upon the rat. (in motion)
Motion or position higher than but no physical contact.
E.g.: The fan is over my bed. (no physical contact).
Write the appropriate preposition in the blank spaces.
1. On Upon
(No touch) (Superior/ A little upward)
(a) Place these books _______ the table.
(b) The cat is jumping _______ the table.
(c) The sky is _______ us.
(d) Prof. B.R. Saraf was _______ every teacher of English in knowledge.
2. At In
(For a small place) (For a big place)
(a) He lives _______ Karol Bagh, New Delhi.
(b) He lives _______ Uttar Pradesh _______ India.
(c) He lives _______ Karol Bagh _______ street No. 10.
3. By With
(A person) (The help of something/ some instrument)
(a) The letter was written _______ him. _______ a pen.
(b) The tiger was shot at _______ him _______ a gun.
4. In Into
(a) He is _______ his house.
(b) He ran _______ his house.
(c) He fell _______ the well.
5. Between Among Amongst
(For two) (For more than two) (For more than two, but before a vowel sound)
(a) Distribute these sweets _______ two brothers.
(b) Distribute these sweets _______ three brothers.
(c) Distribute these sweets _______ us.
6. Of off
(a) This is the book _______ Ram.
(b) He fell _______ the horse back.
(c) Leaves fall _______ the branches of trees.
7. After Behind
(a) I met Ravi _______ the college building _______ 1 p.m.
(a) After (place) Meerut comes after Ghaziabad.
(b) Behind (time) the train is running behind the schedule.
8. Beside Besides
(Near) (In addition to)
(a) The children were playing _______ the river.
(b) _______ giving him advice, I gave him money also.
9. In (future) After (past)
(At the end of a given time) (later on)
(a) He will return _______ an hour.
(b) He returned _______ an hour.
10. Under (no touch) Below (inferior)
(Antonym of ‘over’) (Antonym of ‘above’)
(a) My books are lying _______ the table.
(b) It is _______ my dignity to talk to him.
11. Till Until Upto Unto By
(Simple time) (Conditional) (Space & Death) (Future time)
(Limit time limit) (time limits) (reference limit)
(a) Please, wait for me _______ 4 O’clock.
(b) You cannot move an inch from here _______ my arrival.
(c) He will return _______ Monday next.
(d) I went with him _______ the bus-stand.
(e) You can pay the instalment _______ the 30th of this month.
(f) He had decided to be on fast _______ death.
12. At On In
(For hours & minutes) (Days & Dates) (Months & Years)
(a) He met me yesterday _______ 4.30 p.m.
(b) He met me _______ Sunday last, the 30th of December, 1995.
(c) He met me _______ July 1995.
13. In On To
(Inside the border) (On the border) (Outside the border)
(a) Madras is _______ the South of India.
(b) Sri Lanka is _______ the South of India.
(c) The Himalayas lie _______ the North of India.
14. For Since From
(Perfect tense of perfect continuous) (Indefinite Continuous)
For is use for “period of time” (countable separation)
Since is use of “point of time” (uncountable range)
(a) I have not met him _______ two hours.
(b) I have not met him _______ 2 O’clock.
(c) I shall begin my studies _______ the 1st of April, 2005.
(d) I felt sad while parting _______ him.
(e) He studies in the morning _______ 5 O’clock to 7 O’ clock.
When used in the active voice the following verbs do not take any preposition after them:
answer, ascend, ask, assist, attack, benefit, climb, combat, describe, discuss, enter, examine, inform, investigate,
love, obey order, pervade, pick, precede, probe, reach, recommend, request, resemble, resign, resist, sign, succeed,
He accompanied me.
Let’s discuss this problem.
He attacked his enemy.
He reached his destination.
He resisted all temptation.
He investigated this case.
I ordered his dismissal.
He has signed the document.
Don’t violate the rules.
He asked me several questions.
I’ve examined the answer-books.
An uneasy calm pervades here.
‘On time’ means ‘exactly at the appointed hours’, ‘punctually’, For example,
The 10.30 train arrived on time.
He is on time.
But ‘in time’ means ‘not late’. For example,
We were in time for the train.
Thus in English, different prepositions are used with different expressions of time and date. Here is a chart. It will help
you know which preposition to use.
Static position (in contact with the surface; touching something)
There is a cap on his head.
There are cups on the table.
close to a place
There is a market here on the main road.
There are trees on either side of this canal.
means of travel (public vehicle in transit)
They are on the train to Puri.
He is on the plane to Amsterdam.
‘in’ indicates a static position, ‘on’ indicates movement / in transit. For example,
She is sitting in the bus / plane.
She is on the plane to Bangalore.
You can see the zoo on the left.
He pulled a dagger on the traveller.
There is now a focus on eradicating corruption in public life.
Place (a definite point in space)
She is at home.
He is at the cinem
Place of learning or work or worship
She is at Oxford.
They are at office.
They are at church.
means of travel or transport
I am going to Srinagar by bus.
a person as an agent or doer
‘Adonis’ is a poem by Shelley.
‘Shakuntalam’ was written by Kalidasa.
Energy, power, natural phenomenon as an agent
In the 18th century the streets of London were lighted by oil lamps.
He was struck by lightning.
Part of one’s body or clothes
I seized him by the collar.
She caught her by the hair.
Means of doing something (by + gerund)
She earns a lot by signing folk songs.
He amuses himself by drawing cartoons.
Mode of payment
He gets his salary by cheque.
Relationship or ownership
He is cousin of mine.
She is friend of Rani.
Part of whole (of an institution or organization)
Rajiv is a member of this club.
Mili is a teacher of this school.
They died of cholera.
She is proud of her noble birth.
Their first child was born within a year of their marriage.
I made many resolutions on the first of Janua
By: Jatin Sharma ProfileResourcesReport error
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