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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES THEORY
When two actions take place one after the other, it is called a conditional sentence.
E.g. : you will succeed provided you work hard.
See the following words.
1. If 2. Provided 3. As soon as 4. No sooner than 5. Unless 6. Until 7. When
Conditional sentences is of three types:
1. If clause
2. Main clause
Conditional sentences is of three types :-
A. If clause is in present tense.
B. If clause is in past tense.
C. If clause is in past perfect tense.
D. Other types of conditional
A. ‘If clause’ is in present tense.
General Formula :-
In such sentences ‘if clause’ is in simple present tense and the ‘main clause’ in simple future tense.
Eg :- if I will go to Delhi, I will see you (?)
If I go to Delhi, I will see you. (?)
If two actions take place one after the other in future, and if the second action depends on the first
action, the first action is in simple present tense and the second action is in simple future tense.
1. She will come to meet you as soon as you will reach Delhi. (wrong)
She will come to meet you as soon as you reach Delhi. (right)
2. If the government will become strict, corruption will surely finish. (wrong)
If the government becomes strict, corruption will surely finish. (right)
3. I will help him provided he will mend his ways. (wrong)
I will help him provided he mends his ways. (right)
4. Unless he will not take care of his health, he will not recover. (wrong)
Unless he takes care of his health, he will not recover. (right)
IF + Simple Present, Simple Future
5. There will be rush at the platform when the train will arrive. (?)
There will be rush at the platform when the train arrives. (?)
‘Not’ is not used with ‘until/unless’. She sentence 4.
In conditional sentences, ‘will/shall’ will not be used with ‘when’ (see sentence 5)
If ‘If clause’ is in past tense.’
General formula :
Eg. : If I had money, I would lend it to you.
Conditional of this type is used when we talk about something which we do not expect to happen or which is
In the above sentence ‘If I had money’ shows that the subject had no money.
“If” clause is in past perfect tense
General formula :-
Eg.: If I had seen you, I could have stopped my car.
Conditional sentences of this type says that something did not happen because a certain condition was not fulfilled.
“If” I had seen you , means “I had not seen you.”
In such sentences we can also replace ‘If’ with ‘had’. This will not change the meaning of the sentence.
Eg : I had seen you, I would have stopped my car.
Three important formula :-
If clause, can also take ‘unless, so long as, soon as, when, provided, in case, but for’ etc.
E.g : Unless, you work hard, you will not pass.
Note : “Not” is not used with unless/until.
Unless + affirmative = If + negative
If + Simple Past, Subject + would + V1
If + Past Perfect, Sub + would have+ V3
Had + Subject + V3 + Obj, Subject + would + have + V3
If + Present Indefinite, Simple Future
If + S + V2 , S + would + V1
If + S + had + V3 , S + would + have + V3
I shall support him so long as I am alive.
As soon as the train comes, the platforms will get overcrowded.
When he comes to Delhi, I will go to met him.
By: Jatin Sharma ProfileResourcesReport error
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