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Why in News?
=> Indian President will inaugurate a year-long celebration of the 400th birth anniversary of Lachit Borphukan.
Who was Lachit Borphukan?
=> Born on 24th November, 1622, Borphukan was known for his leadership in the Battle of Saraighat, 1671 in which an attempt by Mughal forces to capture Assam was thwarted.
=> He was the inspiration behind strengthening India’s naval force and revitalising inland water transport and creating infrastructure associated with it due to his great naval strategies.
=> The Lachit Borphukan gold medal is awarded to the best cadet from the National Defence Academy.
What was Ahom Kingdom?
Chaolung Sukapha was a 13th century ruler who founded the Ahom kingdom that ruled Assam for six centuries. The Ahoms ruled the land till the province was annexed to British India in 1826 with the signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo.
=> Political Setup:
=> Art and Culture:
=> Military Strategy:
=> The full contingent of the Ahom Army consisted of infantry, navy, artillery, elephantry, cavalry and spies. The main war weapons consisted of bows and arrows, swords, Javelins discus, guns, match-locks and cannons.
=> The Ahoms sent spies to the enemy’s camp to study the strength and the war strategies of the enemies before leading an expedition.
=> The Ahom soldiers were experts in guerilla fighting. Sometimes they allowed the enemies to enter the country, then cut off their communications and attack them in front and rear.
=> Few important forts: Chamdhara, Saraighat, Simlagarh, Kaliabar, Kajali and Pandu.
=> They also learnt the technique of constructing boatbridges in the Brahmaputra.
=> Above all, the mutual understanding among the civil and military wings, unity among the nobles always worked as strong weapons of the Ahoms.
By: ASRAF UDDIN AHMED ProfileResourcesReport error
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