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=> Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a 12-foot statue of Adi Shankaracharya at Kedarnath.
=> It is where the acharya is believed to have attained samadhi at the age of 32 in the ninth century.
Adi Shankaracharya(788 and 820 AD)
=> Born in Kaladi village on the bank of the Periyar, the largest river in Kerala.
Contributions of Adi Shankaracharya:
=> Chief propounder of Advaita Vedanta.
=> Challenged prevailing philosophical traditions including Buddhism and Jainism and made Sanatan dharm popular again.
=> Shankaracharya established four Mathas in the four corners of India and the tradition continues to this day.
Veda and Vedanta:
=> The Vedas are the primary texts and sacred scriptures of Hinduism.
=> There are 4 Vedas-Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda.
=> Scholars are of the view that the Rig Veda(the earliest one) was composed about 1,500 B.C. and codified about 600 B.C.
=> Vedas are full of hymns mainly meant for the purpose of prayers and rituals.
Philosophical interpretations of Veda-Vedanta( Upnishads)
=> Vedanta is the essential philosophy original to Hindus.
=> It is known as fountain head of Hindu philosophy.
=> According to Vedanta philosophy we humans are mainly the self or the soul or Atma.
=> Ultimate reality is Brahman.
=> The material world around us ie Jagat is because of illusion of Atma which is called Maya.
=> The day Atma realises the true knowledge it will attain Mukti.
Two main ideas of Vedanta is-
=> Aham brahmasmi-I am the Braham
=> Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya-This world is illusionary,the ultimate reality is Brahman.
How to realise Brahman?
=> There are four paths to realise Braham and attained Mukti-Karma Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Raja Yoga and Jñana Yoga.
=> Karma yoga is the path of service through selfless action for the good of others.
=> Bhakti -yoga cultivates the expression and love of the Divine through devotional rituals.
=> Jnana yoga is the path of intellect and wisdom.
=> Raja Yoga adopts the methods of controlling the mind for transcendental state of consciousness. It includes meditation.
=> Bhagwat Gita talks about Karma Yoga.
By: ASRAF UDDIN AHMED ProfileResourcesReport error
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