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=> Chief of Defence Staff (CDS), General Bipin Singh Rawat delivered a speech in Guwahati on the topic Assam at Crossroads – Geopolitical Events in its Neighbourhood Impacting Northeast India’.
Key points of his speech
=> China has ambitions of becoming a global superpower.
=> Thus it is making deep inroads in South Asia and the Indian Ocean through infrastructure projects.
=> China has strengthened its foothold in India’s neighbours – Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
=> He did not took name of any particular project of China but he was referring to Belt and Road initiative of China.
Belt and Road initiative:
=> By 21st century , when China emerged as major competitor of the US.
=> It realised its major weakness - Malacca dilemma.
What is Malacca dilemma of China?
=> In 2003 Chinese President Hu Jintao identified that China’s 80% of their energy needs(oil imports) coming from the Middle East passes through Malacca Straits(between Malaysia and Indonesia).
=> Countries around strait of Malacca are pro US.
=> So the US and India may choke China’s access through Malacca strait.
=> This will lead to energy crisis in China.
What was China’s response to Malacca dilemma?
Belt and Road Initiative
=> BRI project of China is massive infrastructure project started in 2013.
=> Under it China is building road, railways, pipeline,ports.
=> Objective- To connect Asia, Africa and Europe.
=> This is expected to boost trade amongst the countries of Asia, Africa and Europe.
China Pakistan Economic Corridor:
=> It is a $62 billion project.
=> It connects Xinjiang province of China with Gwadar port of Pakistan.
=> It gives direct accessibility to Chinese Navy to Arabian Sea. Sovereignty challenge for India
=> CPEC is moving through PoK. China has built it without consulting India. This challenges India’s sovereignty.
India’s stand on BRI:
=> More than 70 countries of Africa, Europe and Asia have joined BRI .
=> China is giving them loan to build road, ports, pipelines in their countries.
=> But India has not joined BRI .
Why India has not joined BRI?
1. Sovereignty challenge- CPEC is moving through PoK. China has built it without consulting India. This challenges India’s sovereignty.
2. Debt Trap- China gives loan on very hard terms. So if India joins OBOR then it may fall into debt trap like Sri Lanka, Pakistan.
3. Security Threat-
By: ASRAF UDDIN AHMED ProfileResourcesReport error
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