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In a significant change in nomenclature, the Assam government has said that detention centres, which house “foreigners” in Assam, will now be called “transit camps”.The nomenclature of detention centre is changed to ‘Transit Camp’ for detention purpose” in partial modification of an earlier notification dated 17.06.2009.
=> In Assam, which has seen waves of migration from East Bengal (later East Pakistan and now Bangladesh) over the decades, there are six detention centres for holding “convicted foreigners” and “declared foreigners” inside district jails in Goalpara, Kokrajhar, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh and Silchar.
=> The six centres have 181 detainees. Out of the 181, 61 are “declared foreigners” and 120 are “convicted foreigners”
=> The number of people housed in these detention centres considerably reduced following the Supreme Court’s May 10, 2019, order which stated that declared foreigners could be released after three years in detention, subject to certain conditions.
=> A foreign national who entered India “illegally” and is convicted by a judicial court while a “declared foreigner” is one who was once considered an Indian citizen per se but then declared to be a foreigner by a Foreigners’ Tribunal—quasi-judicial bodies that adjudicate citizenship—in Assam.
=> Human rights activists and civil society groups have frequently highlighted the “inhuman conditions” at these detention centres where inmates share space with those accused in or convicted of all kinds of crime, including murder.
=> 1,36,173 cases are pending in the Foreigners’ Tribunals, while 2,98,471 cases have been disposed of so far.
By: ASRAF UDDIN AHMED ProfileResourcesReport error
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