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The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) was set up in 2008 for the proper monitoring of food hygiene and quality in India. It was functional from 2011 and ever since has been responsible for managing food safety in our country.
The FSSAI has its headquarters at New Delhi. The authority also has 6 regional offices located in Delhi, Guwahati, Mumbai, Kolkata, Cochin, and Chennai.
The organisation has been set up as per the FSS Act 2006, until which different acts and laws were being administered under the various ministries of Government.
FSS Act, 2006 consolidates various acts & orders that had earlier handled food related issues in various Ministries and Departments, such as–
Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954
Fruit Products Order, 1955
Meat Food Products Order, 1973
Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947
Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order 1988
Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992
These were repealed after commencement of FSS Act, 2006.
FSSAI was consequently established in 2008 but work within the Food Authority effectively began in 2011 after its Rules and key Regulations were notified.
This marked a shift from a multi-level to a single line of control with focus on self-compliance rather than a pure regulatory regime.
The Food Safety and Standards Act 2006 states:
“An Act to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import, to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.”
Until this law was passed, the following acts were being followed to manage the food security in the country:
A few other acts were also implemented. But the Government passed the FSS Act in 2006, which was an amalgamation of all the terms and regulations mentioned in the above acts combined together.
COMPOSITION OF FSSAI
If we talk about the composition of board members leading the organisation from the front, the structure of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India comprises:
Chairman – Appointed by the Central Government
22 other members, of which one-third must be women
Apart from this, a strong team of scientists and researchers for the testing of food quality. Separate committees and panels are also formed with experts from scientific backgrounds.
FUNCTIONS OF FSSAI
Following functions are performed by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India:
Setting Rules and Guidelines – FSSAI sets up rules and guidelines which need to be followed by all food manufacturing companies, keeping into consideration hygiene and food safety
Granting License – To pursue any food related business, the owner needs to get a certificate and license with the permission of FSSAI
Test the Standard of Food – the standard and quality of food manufactured by all companies registered under FSSAI, is done by the organisation themselves
Regular Audits – Proper inspection is done for food-producing and manufacturing companies to ensure the standards are at par with the guidelines
Spreading Food Safety Awareness – It is the responsibility of FSSAI to spread awareness and inform the citizens about the importance of safe and hygienic food consumption
Maintain Records and Data – FSSAI also has the responsibility to maintain proper records and data of all the registered organisations. Any violation of rules prescribed by FSSAI can lead to the termination of the license
Keeping the Government Updated – Any food safety-related threat must be informed to the Government authorities for further action. Also, assist them in framing food standard policies
INITIATIVES BY FSSAI
Eat Right India – The aim is not just to provide food to one and all, but to provide quality food to everyone. With this initiative, FSSAI intends to make good quality food accessible to every citizen of the country
Clean Street Food – This involves training the street food vendors and making them aware of the violations as per the FSS Act 2006. This will also help in the social and economic up-liftment of street food vendors
Diet For Life – This is another initiative taken by FSSAI, to spread awareness about metabolic disorders.
Save Food, Share Food, Share Joy – Encouraging people to avoid food wastage and promote food donation. Through this, FSSAI intends to connect food-collecting agencies with the food-producing companies and share the food with the ones in need
the first-ever World Food Safety Day was celebrated on June 7, 2019, by FSSAI, acknowledging the contribution of states, food businesses, and individuals in maintaining food safety.
Heart Attack Rewind – It is the first mass media campaign of FSSAI. It is aimed to support FSSAI’s target of eliminating trans fat in India by the year 2022.
FSSAI-CHIFSS – It is collaboration between FSSAI and CII-HUL Initiative on Food Safety Sciences to promote collaborations between Industry, Scientific Community, Academia for food safety.
Swasth Bharat Yatra – It is a Pan-India cycle movement called as ‘Eat Right India' aimed to create consumer awareness about eating safe and nutritious food.
CHALLENGES FOR FSSAI
Landmark cases with FSSAI:
Nestle India Limited Maggi Case: The maggi noodles were reported with excess lead unfit for human consumption and FSSAI prescribed for ban.
Cadbury India: It was reported that worms was found in Cadbury's Dairy Milk. The FSSAI declared packaging was not proper or airtight and made it mandatory to change the packaging.
Co-operation with RBI
Functions of NABARD
The functions of NABARD are described below.
In order to build an empowered and financially inclusive rural India, NABARD has specific departments that work towards the desired goals. These departments can be collectively categorized into three majors units:
Established in 1953, the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India comes under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) with its head office located in New Delhi.
The UGC was established in 1953 and made into a statutory organisation with the UGC Act in 1956.
UGC is responsible for coordinating, determining and maintaining standards of higher education.
The University Grants Commission provides recognition to universities in India and disburses funds to such recognised universities and colleges.
The UGC has its Head Office in New Delhi and six regional offices:
In 2018, the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced its plans to repeal the UGC Act, 1956.
The bill also stipulates the formation of a new body, the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).
The attempts to formalise a national educational system in India started during the British Raj. The University Grants Committee was formed in 1945 to oversee the functioning of the three central universities of the time – Aligarh, Delhi and Banaras. Its responsibility was extended in 1947 to cover all Indian universities.
The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an organisation that assesses and accredits higher education Institutions (HEIs) in India.
It is an autonomous body funded by the University Grants Commission and headquartered in Bangalore.
The UGC has the unique distinction of being the only grant-giving agency in the country which has been vested with two responsibilities: that of providing funds and that of coordination, determination and maintenance of standards in institutions of higher education. The UGC’s mandate includes:
Promoting and coordinating university education.
Determining and maintaining standards of teaching, examination and research in universities.
Framing regulations on minimum standards of education.
Monitoring developments in the field of collegiate and university education; disbursing grants to the universities and colleges.
Serving as a vital link between the Union and State governments and institutions of higher learning.
Advising the Central and State governments on the measures necessary for the improvement of university education.
By: Samar Thakur ProfileResourcesReport error
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