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As per official data, birth rate in China declined to a record low in 2021, as analysts are warning over faster-than-expected ageing in the country.
Birth rate in China
The birth rate in China in 2021 declined to 7.52 births per 1,000 people. In 2020, it was 8.52. It marks the lowest figure in China’s annual Statistical Yearbook data since 1978. It is also the lowest data, since Communist China was founded in 1949.
Changing child policy
In 2016, China relaxed the nation’s “one-child policy”. It allowed couples to two children. Even after easing one of the strictest family planning regulations worldwide, it has failed to bring a baby boom. In 2021, China extended the policy to allow couples to have three children.
Births in 2021
China registered 10.62 million births in 2021. The natural population growth rate decreased to 0.34 per 1000 people, as compared to 1.45 figure earlier.
China’s family planning policies
Family planning policies in China have included specific birth quotas, including three-child policy, two-child policy and one-child policy. China has harshly enforced such quotas.
One Child Policy
One-child policy was a population planning initiative in China. It was implemented in between 1980 and 2015 for curbing country’s growth by restricting families to a single child. This policy had a wide-ranging social, cultural, and economic effects. Its efficacy in reducing birth rates and defensibility from human rights perspective have raised several controversies.
Two Child Policy
Law on two child policy in China was passed on December 27, 2015. The policy remained in effect from 2016 to 2021. Under it, government-imposed limit to have two children per family.
By: Brijesh Kumar ProfileResourcesReport error
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