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Context: Recently, the Supreme Court declared that State Election Commissions across the country cannot skip its constitutional obligation to conduct polls to Local Bodies every 5 years.
Key Reminder from SC
What is a Local Government?
Salient Features of 73rd Amendment Act
It is defined under Article 243(b) which states that:
State Election Commission
Article 243-B provides for a three-tier system in the Panchayati Raj Institution where panchayats shall be constituted at the village, intermediate, and district levels in every state.
Composition of the panchayats
Manner of election
Reservation of seats
Duration of Panchayats
Under Article 243-I, the Finance Commission is constituted by the Governor of the State.
Audit of accounts
Salient Features of 74th Amendment Act
Constitution of Municipalities
It provides for constitution of 3 types of municipalities depending upon the size and area namely
Constitution of Wards Committees
Duration of Municipalities
Powers and Functions of the Municipalities
Finances of Municipalities
Such law may specify
Elections to Municipalities
Audit and Accounts
Committee for District Planning
Metropolitan Planning Committees
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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