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Context: According to a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) the world faces unavoidable multiple climate hazards over the next two decades with global warming of 1.5°C and even temporarily exceeding this warming level would mean additional, severe impacts, some of which will be irreversible.
Background of the Report
The third and final part of the report, which will look into the possibilities of reducing emissions, is expected to come out in April.
Key highlights of the Report
Mega cities Vulnerabilities
It has included risks to, and vulnerabilities of, mega-cities around the world.
Health impacts of climate change
Also for the first time, the IPCC report has looked at the health impacts of climate change.
Uneven Climate change
Global sea levels will likely rise 44-76 cm this century if governments meet their current emission-cutting pledges.
Lack of adaptation measures
“Adaptation is essential to reduce harm, but if it is to be effective, it must go hand in hand with ambitious reductions in greenhouse gas emissions because with increased warming, the effectiveness of many adaptation options declines.
Adaptation planning and implementation has been observed across all sectors and regions, generating multiple benefits, it was unevenly distributed with observed adaptation gaps.
The report stressed on the need to take adaptation measures:-
India will achieve net zero emissions latest by 2070, that is, there will be no net carbon emissions, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared at the COP26 summit in Glasgow last year. By 2030 India would also ensure 50% of its energy will be from renewable energy sources.
The Sixth Assessment Report, however, has presented lots of evidence to suggest that pursuing a 2°C target could be disastrous, and more ambitious actions need to be taken to keep the temperature rise within 1.5°C.
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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