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Context: The Centre is engaged on a nationwide coverage on artificial biology, an rising science that offers with engineering life varieties for a variety of purposes from making designer medicines to meals.
About Synthetic Biology
Key applications of Synthetic Biology
Applied Protein Design- redesign existing biological parts and expand the set of natural protein functions for new processes.
Natural Product Synthesis- engineer microbes to produce all of the necessary enzymes and biological functions to perform complex multistep production of natural products.
Synthetic Genomics- design and construct a ‘simple’ genome for a natural bacterium.
Negative Impacts of Synthetic Biology
Negative Environmental Health: The intentional or accidental release of genetically engineered organisms into the environment could have significant negative impacts on both human and environmental health.
Do-It-Yourself Biology: It’s a movement of “citizen scientists” interested in synthetic biology experiments that has become an international phenomenon over the last decade.
Ethical Concerns: Many of the ethical questions relevant to synthetic biology are similar to ethical discussions related to genome editing like:
International Bodies & Agreements
Note: India is a party to all the International governance bodies discussed above.
Indian Regulatory System
While making a national strategy India should consider Principles of International Law which are:
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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