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Context: Recently, the Supreme Court upheld the 27% quota for OBCs in the All-India Quota seats for the NEET and reiterated that reservations for backward classes were not an exception but an extension of the principle of equality under Article 15(1) of the Constitution.
Multiple dimensions of reservation
Note: Article 15 provides scope for the State for making any special provision for women and children, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
What are the oppositions against caste based reservations?
Casteless society: Many believe that such provisions only perpetuate caste differences and they call for a casteless society.
Caste and class politics: Political parties often promise reservation for communities on being brought to power without any credible data collection exercises to justify the decision.
Importance of justifiable data
The politicisation of issue: Political parties often promise reservation for communities on being brought to power without any credible data collection exercises to justify the decision.
Lack of data on OBC: Even though data concerning the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes have been included in the Census, there is no similar data on OBCs.
Impartial data and subsequent research might save the bona fide attempts of the uplift of the most backward classes from the shadow of caste and class politics and be informative to people on both sides of the spectrum – for and against reservation.
Calls for caste data in Census: Last year, many calls were made for the inclusion of caste data (including that of the OBCs) in the 2021 Census, and the matter reached the Supreme Court.
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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