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Context: The alarming rate of groundwater depletion has been a problem in the Capital for years due to population growth and high urbanisation.
About Water security
Rising population: Water scarcity is already visible with the current population size of 1.3 billion which is projected to be increased to 1.6 billion by 2050.
Total availability: The total annual water available from precipitation in India is about 4000 cubic km. Surface water and replenishable groundwater contribute 1869 cubic km but only 60% of this can be put to beneficial uses.
It is believed that water will also be a major source of geopolitical conflict in the century. It is therefore critical to manage this natural resource well.
Steps taken by Government
The focus is on water stress blocks in districts of India to ensure five important intervention areas:
Jal Jeevan Mission: Government launched Jal Jeevan mission in 2019 to provide functional household tap connection at the rate of 55 L per capita per day to every rural household that is ‘har ghar nal se jal’ by 2024.
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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