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Context: Recently, an analysis of water level data done by the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) indicates that about 33% of the wells monitored have registered decline in ground water levels in the range of 0 – 2 metres.
Reason for Groundwater Extraction
Impact of Green Revolution: Green Revolution enabled water intensive crops to be grown in drought prone/ water deficit regions, leading to over extraction of groundwater.
Industries Requirement: Water contamination as in the case of pollution by landfills, septic tanks, leaky underground gas tanks, and from overuse of fertilizers and pesticides leading to damage and depletion of groundwater resources.
Inadequate Regulation: Inadequate regulation of groundwater encourages the exhaustion of groundwater resources without any penalty.
Federal Issue: Water being a State subject, initiatives on water management including water conservation and water harvesting and making available adequate drinkable water to citizens in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility.
Key Highlights of the CGWB analysis
Central governmental initiatives
Government of India launched Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) in 2019.
Ministry of Jal Shakti has taken up the “Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch the Rain” (JSA: CTR) with the theme “Catch the Rain - Where it Falls When it Falls”
Atal Bhujal Yojana is being implemented in several water stressed areas.
National Aquifer Mapping and Management program (NAQUIM) is being implemented by CGWB.
Aim: To facilitate sustainable management of ground water resources through:
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
Current status of groundwater in India
???????Stage of Ground Water Development is more than 100%,
Key Initiatives taken
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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