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Context: COVID-19 has made it clear that our traditional imagination of national security is no longer credible. In this article we discusses the national security threat emanating from biological weapons.
What are the concerns associated with the misuse of synthetic biology?
Firstly, its misuse has national and global security implications.
Secondly, there is always a chance of accidental leaks of experimental pathogens.
Thirdly, poor regulation of bio-weapons even after growing military interest in synthetic biology.
Fourthly, the attack through bioweapons takes time to show its impact. In that case, it is difficult to ensure accountability.
Why Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention is not effective in dealing with the misuse of synthetic biology?
Firstly, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) of 1972 has no implementing body and does not have a verification clause.
Secondly, the dilemma in Article 1 of the BTWC.
Thirdly, the report of an ad-hoc group to negotiate a protocol to ensure transparency was not accepted by the member states of BTWC. The Ad Hoc Group was set up in 1994 at the Fifth BTWC Review Conference in 2001.
Why India is more vulnerable to bio-weapon attack?
Firstly, lack of preparation and poor infrastructure.
Secondly, there is a multiplicity of bodies and the absence of an empowered coordinating body, which makes coordination difficult.
Thirdly, the traditional ministry-wise separation is not useful in the case of zoonotic diseases as it requires “one health approach”.
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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