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Context: The 21st century is going to be an era of data revolution wherein almost all the activities would be carried on in cyberspace. This calls for creating some global rules to protect cyberspace as their absence has failed to prevent cyberattacks even on powerful countries like the U.S.
Reasons behind Cyberattacks
Economic Benefits: A cyberattack gives a hacker access to critical economic data that can be sold for millions in the grey market.
Ideological Conflict: The free and decentralised structure of cyberspace goes against the ideology of authoritarian countries like Russia and China. This induces them to launch attacks on democratic countries like U.S and India. They have also built firewalls to protect their societies from freedom.
Geopolitical Interest: One country attacks another country’s data to serve its geopolitical interest in the region. The attack is aimed to cripple the governance structure in another country and induce it to act in a favourable way.
Factors fueling Cyberattacks
Synergy between State and Non-State Actors: Rogue states and well-organised digital terrorist groups use footloose hackers to invade diplomatic and strategic plans.
Traceability: The advancement in technology has made the traceability of hackers very difficult.
By: Shubham Tiwari ProfileResourcesReport error
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