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What is/are the benefit(s) of keeping a satellite at a Lagrange point in space ?
1.The point provides additional gravitational acceleration to the satellite reducing power consumption in movement.
2.The point is shielded from cosmic rays and thus useful for making astronomically correct observations.
Which of the above is/are correct ?
Both 1 and 2
It is a location in space where the combined gravitational forces of two large bodies, such as Earth and the sun or Earth and the moon, equal the centrifugal force felt by a much smaller third body. So, here the combined gravitational pull of two large masses roughly balance each other. Any small mass placed at that location will remains at constant distances relative to the large masses.
The interaction of the forces creates a point of equilibrium where a spacecraft may be "parked" to make observations.
There are five such points in Sun-Earth system and they are denoted as L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5. A halo orbit is a periodic three-dimensional orbit near the L1, L2 or L3.
Learning: Aditya- L1 mission is India’s first solar mission. It will study the sun’s outer most layers, the corona and the chromospheres and collect data about coronal mass ejection, which will also yield information for space weather prediction.
In order to get the best science from the sun, continuous viewing of the sun is preferred without any occultation/ eclipses and hence, Aditya- L1 satellite will be placed in the halo orbit around the Lagrangian point 1 (L1) of the sun-earth system.
The data from Aditya mission will be immensely helpful in discriminating between different models for the origin of solar storms and also for constraining how the storms evolve and what path they take through the interplanetary space from the Sun to the Earth.
By: kamaljeet kaur ProfileResourcesReport error
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