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Recently, Tiwa tribesmen took part in a dance during the Wanchuwa festival in Karbi Anglong district of Assam.
=> Tiwa also known as Lalung is indigenous community inhabiting the states of Assam and Meghalaya and are also found in some parts of Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur.
=> They are recognized as a Scheduled tribe within the state of Assam. But they still do not benefit the ST status in the state of Meghalaya.
=> They are divided into 2 sub-groups- Hill Tiwa and Plains Tiwa which have contrasting cultural features:
=> They practice Jhum or shifting cultivation, where the land is first cleared of any vegetation that is later set on fire (slash-and-burn). The result is a more fertile soil that is freshly enriched with potash, all the more useful for a bountiful crop.
=> The main festivals of the Tiwa tribes are: Three Pisu (Bihu), Borot utsav, Sogra phuja, Wanchuwa, Jonbeel Mela, Kabla, Langkhon Phuja and Yangli Phuja.
=> Pig is a staple part of their diet and their culture.
=> This festival is celebrated by Tiwa tribesmen to mark their good harvest.
=> It comes with songs, dances, a bunch of rituals and people clad in their native attires.
=> The people of Tiwa tribe associate the bountiful harvest with the higher power from nature. This takes the form of pigs' skulls and bones which act as deities and are preserved through many generations.
=> People do plenty of make up in the form of paste made of rice powder. They participate in dance with this make up.
=> With bamboo sticks in hand, the people proceed to rhythmically beat the rice powder, and occasionally pause to move around the circle.
=> Tiwas pray for a bountiful harvest as well as protection from pests and natural calamities.
By: ASRAF UDDIN AHMED ProfileResourcesReport error
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